Sump Pump Evaluation Guide for Home Buyers

Anne Frewen|August 16, 2023
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Flooding has become a constant threat in many parts of the country and Connecticut is not excluded.  One effective way to combat potential flooding is with a sump pump.  As a home buyer, understanding the sump pump system in a potential home is crucial to ensure you're making an informed decision about the property. Here are some important things to consider when evaluating a sump pump system from a home buyer's perspective:


  1. Existence and Condition: Check if the property has a sump pump system in place. A sump pump is especially important if the property is in an area prone to flooding, heavy rainfall, or high-water tables such as wetlands. Assess the condition of the sump pump, including its age, brand, and overall functionality. A newer, well-maintained pump is preferable. And look to see if there is more than one!


  1. Location and Accessibility: Determine the location of the sump pump pit or basin. It should be situated in the lowest part of the basement or crawl space to effectively collect water. Ensure that the sump pump is easily accessible for maintenance and repairs. If the pit is covered or obstructed, it will be harder to access in a possible emergency.


  1. Backup Systems: Inquire about the presence of backup systems for the sump pump. These systems are essential to ensure the pump operates during power outages or if the primary pump fails. Ask whether the property has a battery-powered backup pump or a water-powered backup system.


  1. Maintenance Records: Request any available maintenance records or documentation related to the sump pump system. This can give you insights into how well the system has been maintained over time and whether there have been any recurring issues.


  1. Water Intrusion History: Ask the seller about any history of water intrusion or flooding in the basement or crawl space. If the property has experienced water damage before, it's important to understand how the sump pump system performed during those incidents and whether any improvements were made to prevent future occurrences.


  1. Capacity and Sizing: Inquire about the capacity of the sump pump in terms of gallons per minute (GPM) or gallons per hour (GPH). Compare this capacity to the potential water intrusion scenarios in the area. A properly sized sump pump is more likely to effectively manage water during heavy rainfall events.


  1. Warranty and Repairs: If the sump pump is relatively new, check if it is still under warranty. Understand the terms of the warranty and whether it can be transferred to you as the new homeowner. Also, inquire about any recent repairs or replacements done on the sump pump system.


  1. Professional Inspection: Consider hiring a professional home inspector with experience in evaluating sump pump systems. A thorough inspection can identify potential issues or deficiencies that might not be immediately apparent, allowing you to make an informed decision about the property.


Remember that the sump pump system is an important component of your potential new home's overall functionality and protection against water damage. If there is a sump pump there could be other systems in place too so ask about curtain drains, French drains, or other drainage systems to protect the home.  By asking these questions and conducting a thorough assessment, it will help you understand the condition of the system and whether any upgrades or improvements are needed.

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